Ethical issues permeate Human Resource management because HR managers are in place to ensure that human talent (capital) is used effectively and efficiently in order to accomplish organizational goals. Our government does not have the manpower, PROJECT MANAGEMENT ISSUES
There are many ethical lines that can be crossed in project management. Moreover, production reportedly started at 7:30 a.m. and continued until10 p.m., with breaks only for lunch and dinner. A savvy manager will instill moral confidence in his or her employees through positive and repetitive examples of leadership, not just thumping the, Lean Enterprise Organization Application Essay. Ethical Issues in Management ...Ethical Issues in Management Oscar Puente MGT 216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility August, 30 2010 Kenna Fowler Ethical Issues in Management The complexity of work ethics sometimes is more complicated than expected, the expectations from employees and the conflicts of interest in many cases creates hostile environment and causes … Muchof Enron’s corporate travel businesswas handled bya travel agency partly owned by Lay’s sister. • Management ethics is the ethical treatment of employees, stockholders, owners and the public by a company. The first principle is that each person should be permitted themaximum amount of basic liberty compatible with similar liberty for others. Large open areas called commons were free for all to use as pasture.The poor put out livestock on these commons to supplement their meager incomes.It was advantageous for each family to put out more and more livestock, but theconsequence was far more livestock than the commons could handle. KM is defined as the tools, techniques and strategies which are essential to retain, analyse, organise improve and share business knowledge. Along with these ethical issues there are also management issues outlined Corporate Greed and an issue Human resource. In 1997 Enron acquired a company ownedby Kenneth Lay’sson, Mark Lay, which was tryingto establish a business trading paper and pulpproducts.At the time Mark Lay and another company hecontrolled were targets ofa federal criminal investigationof bankruptcy fraud and embezzlement. Moral courage gives an employee the strength to sayno to a superior that tells her or him to pursue actions that are unethical.And moral courage gives employees the integrity to blow the whistle onpersistent unethical behavior in a company. • Be thorough and timely in gathering information; value uncertainty over confidence. Management Information Systems Quarterly, 10 (1), pp.5-12 Pollack, T., 2006. The exampleof Nike, given earlier, falls into this category. The result wasovergrazing and degradation of the commons to the point where they could nolonger support livestock. That was the message of Ronald F. Duska and James A. Mitchell in their presentation at the Oct. 24, 2006, meeting of the Business and Organizational Ethics Partnership. Do you have employment gaps in your resume? ...Ethical Issues in Management Oscar Puente MGT 216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility August, 30 2010 Kenna Fowler Ethical Issues in Management The complexity of work ethics sometimes is more complicated than expected, the expectations from employees and the conflicts of interest in many cases creates hostile environment and causes irregularities between employees and their piers; … It does not know the standers of anything previously when it faces anything and starts to understand the same then it starts to deal the standards of … Such action cannot be ethical because it is unjust. This time, we take a look at ethical issues more specific to management--and not necessarily just IT management. Unfortunately the climate in some businesses doesnot encourage people to think through the ethical consequences of businessdecisions. Many businesses have adopted specific tools, such ascost–benefit analysis and risk assessment,that are rooted in utilitarianphilosophy. Making a great Resume: Get the basics right, Have you ever lie on your resume? One reason for this development is that companies face increasing pressures to address actively concerns with regard to the social and environmental impacts of their business activities. Atthe end of the day, there are clearly things that managers should not do andthings they should do; but there are also actions that present true dilemmas.In these cases a premium is placed on the ability of managers to make sense outof complex messy situations and make balanced decisions that are as justaspossible. Human resources departments must handle a host of ethical and legal issues. The career is full of tough decisions and caring for other people. The Human resource management section of any company is responsible for effectively and systematically managing people in the institution to achieve the desired goals. Kozlowski even used company funds to helppay for a lavish $2.2 million birthday party for his wife in Italy! While the industry has changed in recent years due to modern healthcare, some ethical issues remain the same. Fourth, the audit committeeof the board, which reviews thefinancial statements of the firm, should also becomposed of outsiders, thereby encouragingvigorous independent questioning ofthe firm’s financial statements. As individuals we are taught that it is wrong and unethical tolie and cheat and that it is right to behave with integrity and honor and tostand up for what we believe to be right and true. This paper examines some of the ethical dilemmas that project managers commonly encounter. Other employeesin a business often take their cue from business leaders;and if those leadersdo not behave in an ethical manner, other employees may see this asjustification for their own unethical behavior. As we saw in the introduction, Nike’suse of “sweatshop labor” indeveloping nations was not illegal, but many considered it unethical.Behavingethically, in other words, goes beyond staying within the bounds of the law. What is Project Management? In 1999 the tobaccocompanies settled a lawsuit brought by several states, which sought to recoverhealth care costs associated with tobacco-related illnesses; the total payoutto the states was $260 billion! Date
• Distinguish ethical problems from other general patient care management issues. The most extreme examples of such behavior occurwhen a firm establishes operations in countries that lack the workplaceregulations found in developed nations such as the United States. In many businesses an ethics officer actsas an internal ombudsperson—handling confidential inquiries from employees,investigating complaints from employees or others, reporting findings, andmaking recommendations for change. Is it just, for example,to pay foreign workers less than workers in the firm’s home country? Finally, the boardshould use outside auditorswho are truly independent and do not have a conflict of interest. The following are some of the major ethical challenges an organization faces in ethical management − Harming Some While Benefitting Others These included overperformers who displayed theright values, who were singled out for advancement and bonuses, andoverperformers who displayedthe wrong values, who were let go. We will then identify and discuss key strategies for leadership that are pertinent to the ethical issue. Is there anything businesses can do to make sure they do nothire people who subsequently turn out to have poor personal ethics? Alongwith rights come obligations. Competitors have the right to expectthat a firm will abideby the rules of competition and not violate the basic principles ofantitrustlaws. Shareholders have the right totimelyand accurate information about their investments (in accountingstatements). It appears that an underlying subject in all HR-involved workplace issues is a management culture that promotes ethical ignorance – or at the very least knowingly welcomes an action to happen – even when the organization implements a Code of Ethics. However,many actions, although legal, do not seemto be ethical. Unethical accountants could easily alter company financial records and maneuver numbers to paint false pictures of company successes. This resulted in loss of thousands, Ethical Issues and Management
Saturdays and Sundays weretreated as normal workdays. Here are the 10 most common ethical issues … 6 things to remember for Eid celebrations, 3 Golden rules to optimize your job search, Online hiring saw 14% rise in November: Report, Hiring Activities Saw Growth in March: Report, Attrition rate dips in corporate India: Survey, 2016 Most Productive year for Staffing: Study, The impact of Demonetization across sectors, Most important skills required to get hired, How startups are innovating with interview formats. After its experiencein the 1990s, for example, Nike hired independent auditors to make suresubcontractors used by the company live up to Nike’s code of conduct. senior managerswho treatcorporate funds as their own personal treasury, raiding them tosupporta lavish lifestyle; senior managers who use theircontrol over thecompensation committee of the board of directorsto award themselvesmulti-million-dollar pay increases orstock option grants that are out ofproportion with their contributionto the corporation; and. Not only should businesses strive to identify and hire people witha strong sense of personal ethics, but it is also in the interests ofprospective employees to find out as much as they can about the ethical climatein an organization. Management accounting and control play a pivotal role in the ability of compa-nies to deal with social issues and exhibit corporate ethical behaviour. What are avoidable questions in an Interview? Another notable example was CFO AndrewFastow, whoset up the off–balance sheet partnershipsthat not only hid Enron’s truefinancial conditionfrom investors, but also paid tens of millions ofdollarsdirectly to Fastow (Fastow was subsequentlyindicted by the government forcriminal fraud andwent to jail). First,it violates the rights of end consumers by unfairly limiting their choice;second, it violates the rights of downstream participants in the industry valuechain, in this case PC makers, by forcing them to incorporate a particularproduct in their design; and third, it violates the rights of competitors tofree and fair competition. 1. As a philosophy forbusiness ethics, it focuses attention on the need to carefullyweigh all socialbenefits and costs of a business action and to pursue only actions thathavemore benefits than costs. For example, in the late 1980s, to escape the high costs of toxicwaste disposal in the West, several firms shipped their waste in bulk toAfrican nations, where it was disposed of at a much lower cost. READ MORE on www.pmi.org. This practice misled investors about the level of riskEnron had assumed and supported a much higher stock price than was justified. At General Electric, for example, former CEO JackWelch has described how he reviewed the performance of managers, dividing theminto several different groups. .
Not surprisingly, this higher stock price enabled managers to exercise stockoption grants for considerable personal gain (a case of information manipulation to support self-dealing). Following is an overview of some of the most common ethical issues related to project management. Many companies now dothis by drafting a code of ethics, which is a formal statement of the ethicalpriorities a business adheres to. For example, the now-bankruptenergy trading firm Enron hid significant debt from shareholders in off–balancesheet partnerships. These values, which shapethe way business is conductedboth within and by the corporation, have an important ethicalcomponent. Whenan internalauditor recommended that the companycould do better by using another travelagency, hewas fired. Major Issues in Ethical Management Some of the major issues an organization deals with is handling ethical challenges in workforce diversity. In our society we have an incentive tohide a lack of personal ethics from public view. 8 Types of Ethical Dilemmas in Project Management. According toRawls, valid principles of justice are those to which all people would agree if they couldfreely and impartially considerthe situation. Author S K Ballas 1 Affiliation 1 The Sickle Cell Center of Cardeza Foundation 19107, USA. Ethical responsibilities of a project manager as defined in the PMI guidelines focus a lot on “black and white” issues, such as conflict of interest. This was notthe case in many recent accounting scandals, where the outside auditors werealso consultants to the corporation and therefore were less likely to ask hardquestionsof management for fear that doing so would jeopardize lucrativeconsulting contracts.In the United States the 2002 Sarbanes–Oxley Actsignificantly strengthened corporategovernance by legally requiring thataccounting firms that audit a corporation do not alsoprovide consultingservices to the enterprise, and by requiring that CEOs affirm that afirm’sfinancial accounts represent a true and accurate picture of a corporation. A human resource manager should always consider alternative solutions to the needs of the organization as well as the effects these decisions will have on the lives of employees. Aspart ofthe deal, Enron hired Mark Lay as an executivewith a three-year contract thatguaranteed him atleast $1 million in pay over that period, plus optionstopurchase about 20,000 shares of Enron. Ethical issues in the financial services industry affect everyone, because even if you don’t work in the field, you’re a consumer of the services. In this case both the governmentand the multinationals apparently failed to recognize their basic obligation toprotect the fundamental human rights of others. Although PMI requires certified PMI® to subscribe to and uphold a code of ethics in all professional project management dealings, ethics is not a formal component of the PMBOK® Guide, nor it is a subject given much attention in project management training. Before doingthis, however, let’s take a closer look at the philosophicalunderpinnings ofbusiness ethics. Kozlowskiultimately was charged with securities fraud, found guilty of looting Tyco of$97 million, and was sentenced to jail term of 81–3 to 25 years. Another key element in making the right decisions is instilling professionalism in self and in the organization. Project Management Issues
Utilitarian philosophy has some serious drawbacks.One problem is measuring the benefits,costs, and risks of a course of action.In the case of an oil company considering drilling inAlaska, how does one measure the potential harm tothe fragile ecosystem of the region? Althoughsuch action may be legal, is it ethical? These strategies are also used to determine how employees fit in the organization's growth in the future. The dispute was settled out of court, and under a revised agreementBoeing agreed to pay monetary damages to Titanium Metals (reported to be in the$60 million range) and entered an amended contract to purchase titanium.Irrespectiveof the legality of this action, it seems unethical because it violated the rightsof a supplier to be dealt with in a f air and open w ay. Following is an overview of some of the most common ethical issues related to project management. Rights Theories Developedin the 20th century, rights theories recognizethat human beings have fundamental rights and privileges. Fraud, discrimination, nepotism, false marketing in advertorial manner is the name of the game for unethical pseudo professionals and to cope with them always remain a challenge for the socially and ethically responsible manager. Subcontractors may have been chosen on the basisof business variables such as cost, delivery, and product quality, and the keymanagers simply failed to ask how the subcontractors treated their workers. 200083225
Ethical Issues Create Slippery Slopes Not all ethical breaches are as dramatic as those that make headlines, but all ethical violations are wrong nonetheless. Having articulated values in a code of ethics or some otherdocument, it is important that business leaders give life and meaning to thosewords by repeatedly emphasizing their importance and then acting on them. The thirdfoundation element is a compensationcommittee of theboard of directors that is composed entirely of outside directors.Thecompensation committee sets the level of pay for top managers, includingstock optiongrants and the like. Environmental degradation can violate the rights of local communities andthe general public to clean air and water; land that is free from pollution bytoxic chemicals or excessive deforestation that causes land erosion and floods;and so on. The definition of KM has been defined and redefined by various experts through all these years. 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